Rather than happening wholly in the head, he argues, cognition develops
and evolves through the interplay between intelligence and material
Of course this is relevant to sanctuary concepts and practices. How militants think about the places in which they hide and reside can’t help but be shaped by their physical environments.
COIN has always been heavily anthropocentric – the U.S. Army’s cultural turn under David Petraeus is a case in point. Meanwhile geographers, geoscientists, and others, have been exploring the spatial dynamics of political violence across networks and territories.
Neither the cultural turn, nor its spatial variant, really offers a satisfying resolution to the physical, human, and virtual operating environments of militant organizations. Malafouris’ approach suggests an intriguing way forward. Neuroarcheological COIN?